There is also a need to describe treatment options in Polish, develop lipedema guidelines for practitioners and patients to prevent progression and complications of the condition, decrease health care costs, and improve women’s quality of life and well-being. The Law and Justice government has also targeted women’s rights organizations and activists. Activists said that government rhetoric and media campaigns smearing them and their work foster misinformation and hate that can put their safety at risk. Several women’s rights defenders were detained or face what they describe as politically motivatedcriminal charges for actions during protests following the Constitutional Tribunal’s abortion ruling.
- – Women, girls, and all pregnant people have faced extreme barriers to accessing legal abortions in the year since a Constitutional Tribunal ruling virtually banned legal abortion in Poland, 14 human rights organizations said today.
- U.S. women can learn from strategies Polish women have deployed, said Giselle Carino of Fòs Feminista, an activist organization that fights for women’s rights around the world.
- There are more than 9,000 women employed in the Polish police, composing 9.23 percent of police employees.
- Abortion became widely available in public hospitals and private clinics and was subsidized by the government if performed at a government institution.
- Society mainly perceived feminism as an ideology alien to the Polish culture and mentality.
- In Poland, a country of nearly 40 million people, only several hundred doctors are left who are still willing to perform abortions.
The report includes evidence on how wages have evolved through the COVID-19 crisis as well as how the current inflationary context is biting into real wage growth in most regions of the world. The report shows that for the first time in the 21st century real wage growth has fallen to negative values while, at the same time, the gap between real productivity growth and real wage growth continues to widen. The International Labour Organization’s Global Wage Report is a key reference on wages and wage inequality for the academic community and policy-makers around the world. The datasets used and/or analyzed during the current study are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request. Lipedema is a chronic, progressive disorder of adipose tissue that occurs almost exclusively in women . The condition has only recently been included in the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11) of the World Health Organization as a separate clinical entity in the category “Certain noninflammatory disorders of subcutaneous fat,” code EF02.2. According to the ICD-11 description, “Lipoedema is characterized by non-pitting diffuse ‘fatty’ swelling, usually confined to the legs, thighs, hips and upper arms.
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This study is the first to acknowledge and emphasize that lipedema affects women in Poland. In our online, voluntary survey, almost half of the participants reported having been diagnosed by medical health professionals (44.9%). Almost one-fifth, 17.3%, had initially learned about lipedema from medical health professionals. These results emphasize the importance of knowledge of lipedema among medical health professionals and highlight the importance of the role that professionals play in the diagnosis and treatment of the illness. Thus far, lipedema has not been widely known among professionals in Western countries . A study on specialists from the Vascular Society of Great Britain and Ireland showed that lipedema was recognized by only 46.2% . To the best of our knowledge, the level of knowledge in the Polish medical community has not yet been measured.
Previously, over 90 percent of the approximately 1,000 legal abortions annually in Poland were on these grounds. The ruling came as Covid-19 pandemic restrictions made travel for health care prohibitively difficult and costly. The ruling spurred the country’s largest public protests in decades, led by women human rights defenders.
The fiscal debates set to dominate European politics
In the meantime, following Western countries such as the USA, Australia, the Netherlands, the UK, and Germany, owing to online sources, women have started to organize and form patient support groups. The increased interest in the condition has been reflected https://www.refinery29.com/en-us/flirty-text-messages-examples by the number of articles on lipedema in the popular press and other media. However, the prevalence of lipedema, patients’ quality of life, clinical https://thegirlcanwrite.net/polish-women/ characteristics, comorbidities, and psychological functioning in Poland have not previously been scientifically investigated . This knowledge is needed to advance the process of scientific investigation of the condition, draw attention to lipedema and increase evidence to confirm the importance of the condition, its impact on the quality of life and inform guidelines for evidence-based care. In this study, for the first time, we sought to evaluate and describe the sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of Polish women with lipedema and to investigate factors related to their quality of life. The current study is the first to explore quality of life in women with lipedema in Poland, and it has a number of limitations. Participation in the study was voluntary, and a link was provided in an online social media support group, which might have created selection bias.
Kaczynski, leader of the populist ruling party, Law and Justice, spoke Saturday about the demographic challenges of «far too few children» being born as he rallied support for his party ahead of next year’s parliamentary election. The group said there were many reasons for country’s low birthrate, including Poland’s de facto prohibition of abortion, a lack of access to sexual education and in vitro procedures, inflation, a housing shortage and a lack of access to day care centers.
Polish leader blames low birthrate on women using alcohol The comments by governing party leader Jaroslaw Kaczynski that tied women’s alcohol consumption to low birthrates quickly drew criticism from opposition politicians, activists and celebrities. In July, the European Court of Human Rights announced that it will address complaints from Polish women who may be victims of violations of the European Convention on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms due to the Constitutional Tribunal’s abortion ruling. Poland’s government has failed to effectively implement previous ECtHR judgments concerning access to lawful abortion despite repeated calls and a March judgment by the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe. Poland’s Constitutional Tribunal, whose independence and legitimacy is profoundly eroded, is widely acknowledged as politically compromised. On October 22, 2020, it ruled that abortion on grounds of “severe and irreversible fetal defect or incurable illness that threatens the fetus’ life” was unconstitutional. The government brought the case to the tribunal after parliament failed to adopt legislation with the same effect. Those who do, however, stretch the “risk of life to the pregnant woman” clause in the Polish law to justify abortions or simply say the fetuses died as a result of miscarriages, a member of Poland’s abortion underground said.
Dr. Janusz Rudzinski talks on the phone to a woman seeking an abortion as he performs the procedure in Prenzlau, Germany, in March 2017. He is also Senior Lecturer in Polish Studies and Director of the Polish Studies Programme at the University of Cambridge, where he works on Polish culture, politics and history. Moreover, the infant mortality rate also increased in 2021, reversing a long-term decline, with doctors saying that the new near-total abortion ban is behind that development. That was followed by pregnancy being a risk (33%), their home being too small (24%), and them being afraid that the father of the child would not help (19%). “This decrease can be partly explained by the demographic changes that have taken place during this period,” said CBOS in an analysis of its survey, cited by the Dziennik Gazeta Prawna newspaper.
Pacifist stances on the left do not fully explain this inaction, given that societal resilience can take many forms, including the non-violent, civic and civilian-based. So far, the opposition has been largely reactive, criticising defence-related developments as dangerous and party-driven—evidently https://www.goodhousekeeping.com/life/relationships/a37398056/cute-nicknames-for-boyfriends/ unaware that similar changes are also occurring in more stable liberal democracies in the Baltic Sea region. This state of affairs created pertinent gender gaps in defence-related knowledge and skills in Polish society. In 2014 the Public Opinion Research Centre reported that only 6 per cent of women recalled undergoing military training and 22 per cent training in civil defence . When swaths of youth took to the streets in 2020 to protest against the Law and Justice government over its abortion ban, analysts proclaimed a social revolution was emerging in the country.
The ruling has increased the extreme barriers women seeking access to abortion face and has had tragic consequences for many of them and their families. The Commission should urgently implement the mechanism tying access to EU funds to respect for EU values and continue its commitment to tie EU Recovery Funds to rule of law guarantees.